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Synonym for: Holy, Sacred, Pure.

See Definition for 2411
See Definition for 3741
See Definition for 40
See Definition for 53
See Definition for 4586

None of these words in classical Greek has necessarily any moral
significance. Those which now have such a meaning have developed it in
Biblical Greek.

means sacred, implying some special relation to God, so
that it may not be violated. It refers, however, to formal relation
rather than to character. It designates an external relation, which
ordinarily is not an internal relation as well. It is used to describe
persons or things. This is the commonest word for holy in
classical Greek, and expresses their usual conception of holiness, but
it is rare in the N.T. because it fails to express the fullness of the
N.T. conception.

, used of persons or things, describes that which is in
harmony with the divine constitution of the moral universe. Hence, it
is that which is in accordance with the general and instinctively felt
idea of right, "what is consecrated and sanctioned by universal law
and consent" (Passow), rather than what is in accordance with any
system of revealed truth. As contrary to , i.e., as
, the Greeks regarded, e.g., a marriage between brother
and sister such as was common in Egypt, or the omission of the rites
of sepulture in connection with a relative. has probably as
its fundamental meaning , i.e., from the world to God's
service. If not the original meaning, this at any rate is a meaning
early in use. This separation, however, is not chiefly external, it is
rather a separation from evil and defilement. The moral signification
of the word is therefore the prominent one. This word, rare and of
neutral meaning in classical Greek, has been developed in meaning, so
that it expresses the full N.T. conception of holiness as no other
does.

is probably related to . It means specifically
pure. But this may be only in a ceremonial sense, or it may have
a moral signification. It sometimes describes freedom from
impurities of the flesh.

is that which inspires reverence or awe. In
classical Greek it was often applied to the gods. But frequently it
has the lower idea of that which is humanly venerable, or even
refers simply to externals, as to that which is magnificent, grand, or
impressive.


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